Course Enquiry Form. Select a course. Send Request. Best Job Placement Facilities. Available Courses. Courses Duration. Student Review. Between sessions, take a break, grab a snack, refill that beverage glass or cup, before plunging into the next session! Layout This Weekend Crash Course contains 30, one-half-hour sessions organized within six parts.
The parts correspond with a time during the weekend, as outlined in the following sections. You learn how to add text to and format pictures on your Web pages. You also master the inclusion of hyperlnks, the links that connect Web content.
by Steve Callihan
You see how to use tables to format your Web pages into advanced and consistent content that presents your informa- tion effectively. In addition to tables, you also learn how to create forms on our Web pages so that you can retrieve information from visitors. Now that you understand how to develop Web pages, you now begin to explore how to market and target your Web page content. You learn how to lay out your Web pages to make your site more appealing to the visitors who view your site.
Part V: Sunday Morning This begins a two-part section where you follow the development of a family Web site from beginning to end. Once you have the design firmly in mind, you begin the HTML coding process. As you follow along, you develop the Web site and see how its genesis becomes a finished product. In addition, you learn how to correct potential problems that can occur as well as how to stay on top of maintenance that is so critical in Web site development.
Note This gives you helpful advice on the best ways to do things, or a tricky technique that can make your HTML programming go smoother. Tip Never fail to check these items out because they provide warn- ings that you should consider. Never This states where in the other sessions related material can be found.
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Cross-Ref Reach Out The publisher and I want your feedback. Details are listed on the my2cents page in the back of this book. Please let us know of any mistakes in the book or if a topic is covered particularly well. Please write to: Dittos email. Preface xv You are ready to begin your weekend crash course. Stake out a weekend, stock- pile some snacks, cool the beverage of your choice, set your seats in their upright positions, fasten your belt, and get ready to learn HTML the easy way.
Turn the page and begin learning. The editor who wins the award for the most patience with my writing and with me is Terri Varveris. Terri, you are the best! Your suggestions are precise and they make the book so much better. Scott Kinney stays busy with his premiere, world-renown news and discus- sion service Web site, MyRightStart.
Of course, my most gratitude remains with my loving and supportive bride, Jayne. My parents, Glen and Bettye Perry, continue to support my work in every way. Contents at a Glance Acknowledgments Contents Acknowledgments Contents xxiii Gamma Correction Contents xxvii Turning the Logo into a Hyperlink Fortunately, HTML 4. As this week- end crash course proves, you can go from knowing nothing about HTML to design- ing and producing Web pages in one short weekend.
As you will see in this session, the HTML language has gone through several improvements and each revision serves to make Web pages more interactive with the user and to present data more effectively. That data can be text, graphics, sound, video, or a combination of all four. As you know from surfing the Web already, most Web sites are not single Web pages but collec- tions of pages.
A Web site consists of a series of related Web pages that users tra- verse, backwards and forwards, in virtually any order. Tip The term maintenance refers to the process of changing and updating existing Web sites to keep their content fresh, and correcting mistakes found in them. Those mistakes might be Note typical computer bugs that keep the Web site from operating exactly right or may be nothing more than a spelling mistake or a color-blending problem from a bad graphic image.
Perhaps you want to put your family news on the Internet so friends and family around the world will be able to see the news. Perhaps you want to make money — a lot HTML pro- grammers are in great demand, and that demand seems to be increasing. So don your thinking caps because a whole new skill set is about to be yours in fewer Part I—Friday Evening than 30 hours. Knowing how to write and use HTML is the goal, not remembering the archaic abbreviation. The Internet is more than just a bunch of Web pages. The Internet consists of Web pages, e-mail, text, voice, video chat sessions, and an assortment of other tasks that often hide behind the scenes from typical Internet users.
Amidst the array of Internet components, a Web page comprises the most important piece of the Internet because a Web page is the user interface to the information that resides on the Internet. It may surprise you to learn that HTML is a language that has absolutely no for- matted text or graphic images.
The HTML language consists solely of unformatted text. That text, however, contains instructions, called tags or command tags, that define exactly how formatted text and graphics appear on Internet Web pages. HTML is more of a formatting language than a programming language. Unlike the origin of many computer languages, understanding HTML requires knowing a little about the necessity that brought about the HTML language in the first place.
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HTML is only about a decade old and for most of that decade, HTML simply for- matted text pages viewable by only a few browsing programs. The original goal of HTML was to present textual information that would enable users to jump, or hyperlink, between areas of interest. In addition, HTML offered a method for for- matting text sent between computers.
As sites such as FreeBooks. Before the standardized HTML which is not yet a true industry standard because of all the HTML extensions floating around , a computer could receive only data from a similar machine, or straight text data only. Given that HTML is straight, unformatted text, simple transfer pro- tocols still enable any kind of computer to read and display a Web page properly.
Before the Internet became popular, one would send different kinds of files over a network connection. You might send a text file to a friend and then send a graphics file. Perhaps you downloaded a sound file from an electronic bulletin board system a BBS. Today, you can still download files in various formats, but, in addition, you receive an HTML-based file when you view a Web page.
One of the advantages of sending HTML over a connection, as well as individual data files, is Although some browsers may display error messages, most sim- ply ignore the HTML command, resulting in your Web page look- ing different from your expectations. The vast majority of users use Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.
These two browsers, depending on how current the version is, provide excellent sup- port for the HTML language and its extensions. It is time! With only 30 hours of training, the sooner you learn HTML code, the better. At this point, the HTML code may look rather foreboding.
HTML code is comprised of a series of commands called tags that describe the look of the resulting Web page. The result is much more appealing and fancier than the HTML code. At this point, your job is to understand the purpose of HTML and not worry about the meaning of the individual command tags. HTML tells the receiving browser how to locate and format any type of data found on the Internet, including text, graphics, sound, and video. You never have to purchase a new version of HTML. Unlike typical programming languages such as Visual Basic, which you must update as each new language version is released, you can create Never Web pages that contain all the latest and greatest HTML exten- sions with simple tools that come with Windows.
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The Web browser must read the code in Listing before your users will see results. In other words, when a Web browser is sent a file containing HTML code, instead of displaying that actual code, the browser inter- prets the commands inside the file and acts accordingly. These programs are called editors or text editors.
With a text editor, you can enter and edit text. However, the text editor does not format lines, sentences, or paragraphs, and often ignores spelling errors. Programmers who write text-based programs need their editors to retain line breaks and not wrap lines, as word processors do. In addition, features such as automatic spelling correction would Note change many programming commands to words that are meaning- less to the computer trying to run the program.
Simple text edi- tors are the tools of the trade for text-based programming. Before the Web came along, programs such as Notepad were going the way of monochrome PC monitors. Why would anyone use a text editor in the world of graphical user interfaces GUIs? For PC users, with Windows coming on the scene, straight text was on its way out, and more feature-packed word processors such as Word filled the void.
Fortunately, Microsoft kept Notepad in its Windows bag of tricks for one version longer than most would think necessary. While Windows 3. The concrete used for that information superhighway was the earliest version of HTML, which required nothing more than a simple text editor. These programmers had a choice to make: Either spend money on commercial text editors or use the freebie, such as Notepad, that came with every PC in the world.
Needless to say, Notepad saw new life, and Web programmers are still using Notepad and its cousins on other kinds of computers today. Editors such as vi and Notepad are extremely simple. Their beauty is also their flaw because that simplicity does lack features that would be nice for HTML pro- grammers, such as a spelling checker for specific HTML code tags or automatic indention of sections of HTML code that go together to make the code more read- able. Commercial editors, on the other hand, offer specific features, and that is why so many tools exist on the market today for HTML programming and Web authoring.
In spite of the heavy competi- tion, a huge number of HTML programmers still utilize Notepad and other simple text editors for quick edits and sometimes for their entire programming process. Word is not a great word processor for writing straight HTML text, but Word is nice for formatting text and laying out Tip graphics on a page. For example, Figure shows a screen shot of a Web page, created with FrontPage. Figure A screen shot of a Web page created with FrontPage does not display code.
Development programs such as FrontPage and Dreamweaver are graphical in nature. Initially, you design Web pages graphically by specifying where text and graphics will appear, by drawing lines and boxes with the editing tools, and by importing data that you want to appear in your Web page.
As a matter of fact, some programmers use programs such as Dreamweaver or FrontPage to design Web pages, and they never write or look at a single line of HTML code the entire time, from design to the Internet. At this point, perhaps you are confused, and if so, for good reason. The pros all know HTML, regardless of the fact that they mostly all use graphical development systems such as Dreamweaver for much of their Web page development.
The reason is simple: With power comes lack of flexibility. Although these development tools contain super tools for placing your general Web page elements and text, they rarely do exactly what you want them to do. With almost a billion Web pages on the Internet, the search is on for unique- ness among sites. Not that FrontPage lacks rich features that enable you to design smashing Web pages.
But it simply does not contain an unlimited feature set.
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Practical limits placed on development tools mean that if you truly want to fine-tune your Web sites so they sing, you must master HTML. Want proof? What does the abbreviation for HTML stand for? HTML code contains the graphics and formatted text that comprise Web pages. True or False? How can a Web page development system, such as FrontPage , help and hinder authors of the Web? Although the page will be extremely simple, the experience will teach you much more about the nature of HTML programming than several chapters of text could do.
HTML defines the styles of your Web pages. In one sense, HTML is a text-formatting language. Although HTML When you first learn HTML, perhaps the best place to begin is by formatting some simple text. Therefore, consider the following poem: Roses are red, The Web is sure growing. If you want to put this poem on a Web page, completely unformatted, you could not do so without using some HTML.
Without the minimum HTML tags, the file would be no different from an ordinary text file, such as a text file that might end with the txt filename extension. Given that HTML is a language comprised of command tags, as you learned in the previous session, you must insert more advanced for- matting tags around this poem before the poem can ever appear formatted on a Web page.
Keep in mind that the minimum code lets you create only an unformatted Web page. Formatting command tags will be covered later in this session. Filename Extension A Web page, defined in an HTML file, always has the filename extension html or htm if you want to be compatible with Windows 3x users, although fewer and fewer of them exist.
The html extension separates the file type from ordinary, unformatted text files whose extensions might be txt. Many browsers, such as Internet Explorer, will refuse to open your file with an extension such as txt, except by starting another program such as Notepad and load- ing the text file into that secondary program for your viewing and editing work. Some browsers will open a file whose name does not end with the html extension, but will refuse to interpret any HTML command tags.
In such a case, the file will appear inside the browser window displaying the nitty-gritty command tags them- selves instead of performing the formatting actions that the command tags request.